Tuesday, September 9, 2008

Zhao Keshi

Zhao Keshi is a in the People's Liberation Army of the People's Republic of China. He is originally from Gaoyang County in Hebei province. He is the current head of the Nanjing Military Region.


Zhao joined the army in 1968. He has held several positions, including the head of training for the Nanjing Military Region, the chief adviser for the 31st regiment, and the deputy adviser for the Nanjing Military Region. He became the leader of the 31st regiment of the army in 2000. In June of 2004, he became the chief advisor for the Nanjing Military Region. He was elevated to his present rank of lieutenant general the next year, and took up his current post as head of the Nanjing Military Region in 2007. He is a member of the 17th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

Zhao Nanqi

Zhao Nanqi is a notable military and political figure in modern China. Of Korean ethnicity, he was born in 1926 in Jilin Province. Zhao Nanqi was a former director and party secretary of the PLA from 1987 until 1992.

Zhao was ranked three star general in 1988. He was also named president of the PLA Academy of Military Sciences from 1992 to 1995.

Politically, Zhao was a member of the 12th, 13th and 14th CPC Central Committees. He was named vice-chairman of the Nationalities Committee of the 5th NPC and vice-chairman of the 9th CPPCC National Committee.

Zhao is the father of Chinese composer, Zhao Ying.

Zhao Erlu

Zhao Erlu was a general in the People's Liberation Army of China.

Zhao was born in Chunxian in the Shanxi Province.

He participated in the Nanchang Uprising in 1927, and joined the Communist Party of China that year.

He was the commander of the Hebei-Shanxi Military Region, the political commissar of the Hebei-Shanxi army group, and the chief of staff of the Jin-Cha-Ji Military Region. When the North China Military Region was founded in 1948, he was appointed as the chief of staff. He was the No. two chief of staff in the No. 4 Field Army.

After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, he was appointed as the second chief of staff of the Mid-South Military Region. He was the director of the No. 2 and No. 1 Departments of Mechanical Industry. He was appointed as the vice director of the National Economy Commission in 1960. He was also the executive vice director of the office of national defense industry in the state council, and the director of the political department of the national defense industry.

He was made a general in 1955. He died of a sudden heart attack on February 2, 1967, at the age of 62.

Zhao Shangzhi

Zhao Shangzhi was born in Chaoyang, Liaoning Province, China. He participated in the "May 30 Movement movement" in 1925, and joined the Communist Party of China in the same year. In November 1925, he went to study in the Whampoa Military Academy in Guangzhou.

After September 18, 1932 he took the charge of the CPC Manchuria military. In October 1933, he was in charge of Zhuhe anti-Japan guerrillas, and was promoted to commander of the Northeast Anti-Japan United Army in 1934.

On February 12, 1942, he was captured by Japanese military police after being attacked by an agent provocateur, and died later at the age of 34.

To memorialize him, the city of Zhuhe where he used to fight against the Japanese was renamed to Shangzhi.

Zhou Shidi

Zhou Shidi is a general of the People's Liberation Army of China.

Zhou was born in Lehui County, Guangdong Province of China.

He was a first-term graduate from Whampoa Military Academy in 1924, and he joined the Communist Party of China in the same year.

At the early stage of Second Sino-Japanese War, he was the chief of staff of 120 division of the Eighth Route Army. During the Chinese Civil War, he was the commander of eighteenth army group.

He was the member of 1st to 3rd commission of national defense, a member of standing committee of the 3rd and 4th People's Political Consultative Conference, a deputy of the 1st and 4th National People's Congress, a member of standing committee of the 5th National People's Congress, and a delegate of the 7th and 8th National Congress of CPC.

He was made general in 1955.

Zhou Baozhong

Zhou Baozhong was a commander of the Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army resisting the pacification of Manchukuo by the Empire of Japan.


Zhou Baozhong became a regimental commander and vice division commander in the National Revolutionary Army in 1926 and participated in the . In 1927 he joined the Communist Party of China and in 1929 was sent to the Soviet Union to study military affairs. After the Mukden Incident he returned to China and in December of 1931 was sent to Northeast China to lead the Communist anti-Japanese efforts. In February of 1932 he arrived in Harbin to direct the military activities of the local Communists, becoming involved with the volunteer forces defending against the Japanese. This put him at odds with the Communist party leadership.

When the first Anti-Japanese Volunteer Armies were organised, the party was completely hostile to them on the grounds that the leaders were bound to capitulate, claiming that the leaders of the volunteer armies were the paid and merely pretending to resist, giving the Japanese Army a pretext for bringing its troops up to the Soviet border. The Communists even issued an appeal for the volunteers to kill their officers and join the Communist revolution.

Some Communists acted against this policy and held senior positions in the volunteer forces. They were particularly influential in Wang Delin's National Salvation Army , where Zhou Baozhong was made a high-ranking officer. At first the Party severely criticised their conduct. However, the Communists eventually realized that their hostility to the popular movement made them almost irrelevant to the anti-Japanese cause.

The Communists raised some small forces in the Northeast, dedicated to revolution, but these were small in comparison to the volunteer armies which had been raised by their anti-Japanese and patriotic appeal. As the international Communist movement moved towards its popular front policy of 1935, it came to accept that whole-hearted support for the anti-Japanese movement and the postponement of the revolutionary goals were essential if the Chinese Communists were to be a serious political force in the face of the Japanese invasion. Abandoning revolution and promoting national salvation the Communists were able to organise their own force in the Northeast, the Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army.

In February of 1936 Zhou was named army commander of this army, which was open to all who wanted to resist the invasion and was willing to ally with all other anti-Japanese forces, winning over some of the shanlin bands, including former NSA units, and conducted a protracted campaign which threatened the stability of Manchukuo, especially during 1936 and 1937. However the following years saw many setbacks as the Japanese anti guerrilla operations and pacification measures weakened the army.

By 1940 Zhou still waged guerilla war against the Japanese in Jilin province. However the anti guerrilla operations of the Japanese finally forced him to enter the Soviet Union in July, 1942. There he was employed training soldiers. When the Soviets invaded Manchukuo in August of 1945 he took part and was made vice commander of the Northeast Democratic Coalition Army.

After the Chinese Civil War he was made Vice chairman of Yunnan People's Government in 1949. In February 1964 he died in Beijing.

Zhou Chunquan

General Zhou Chunquan is a general in the People's Liberation Army of China.

Zhou was born in Huang'an , Hubei Province. He joined Kuomintang in July 1926, and joined the Communist Party of China in November that year. He fought in Huangma Uprising in November 1927.

In October 1932, he was appointed as the political commissar of the tenth division of Red Fourth Army. In June 1933, he was promoted to the political commissar of Red Fourth Army. He participated the Long March in 1935. He was appointed as the director of the general political department of Red Fourth Army Group, and the political commissar of Red 31st Army.

He was the political commissar of the logistics department of Chinese People's Volunteer Army in 1951. When he returned to homeland in 1953, he was promoted to the No. 1 vice director and vice political commissar of the general logistics department of PLA.

He was made general in 1955.